The spouse visa, also known as entry clearance, allows non-EEA nationals to join their British or settled partner in the UK. However, the application process can be intricate, with strict requirements that must be met to ensure a successful outcome. In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the essential aspects of the spouse visa application, focusing on the financial, relationship, and English language requirements.
1. Financial Requirements:
One of the crucial aspects of a successful spouse visa application is meeting the financial requirements. The UK government implemented these requirements to ensure that the sponsoring partner can adequately support the incoming spouse without relying on public funds. Here's what you need to know:
a) Income Threshold: The sponsoring partner must meet a minimum income threshold to be eligible to sponsor their spouse's visa. As of the last update in 2021, the minimum income threshold is £18,600 per year. If the couple has any dependent children, an additional £3,800 is required for the first child, and £2,400 for each additional child.
b) Sources of Income: Various sources of income can be considered when meeting the financial requirements, including:
Income from employment (salary, self-employment, or regular bonuses)
Non-employment income (rental income, investments, pension, etc.)
Savings above £16,000 (every £16,000 can count as an additional £2,500 towards the income threshold)
c) Proving Financial Ability: To prove that the sponsoring partner meets the financial requirements, they must provide supporting documents such as payslips, bank statements, employment contracts, tax documents, and evidence of any non-employment income. If the income falls short of the threshold, additional savings can be used to bridge the gap.
2. Relationship Requirements
The relationship requirements are designed to ensure that the relationship between the sponsoring partner and the applicant is genuine and subsisting. To satisfy these requirements, the couple must demonstrate the following:
a) Valid Marriage or Civil Partnership: The couple must be legally married or in a recognised civil partnership to qualify for a spouse visa.
b) Genuine Relationship: The Home Office will scrutinise the relationship to determine its authenticity. Evidence that showcases the history and ongoing nature of the relationship is crucial. This evidence may include:
Marriage/civil partnership certificate
Photographs of the couple together
Correspondence addressed to both partners at the same address
Joint financial commitments (e.g., joint bank accounts, joint tenancy agreements)
Letters of support from family and friends attesting to the genuineness of the relationship
c) Cohabitation: If the couple is not married or in a civil partnership, they must demonstrate that they have been living together in a relationship akin to marriage for at least two years.
3. English Language Requirements
Competency in the English language is another vital component of the spouse visa application. The primary purpose of this requirement is to ensure that the incoming spouse can integrate and communicate effectively in the UK. Here's what you need to know about the English language requirements:
a) English-Speaking Countries: Applicants from certain countries are automatically deemed to meet the English language requirements, as English is the primary or official language. These countries include the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and others.
b) Approved English Language Tests: If the applicant is not from an English-speaking country, they must take an approved English language test to demonstrate their proficiency. The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) sets the required level of English language proficiency at A1 level.
c) Exemptions: Some individuals may be exempt from the English language requirement, such as those over 65 or with physical or mental conditions that prevent them from meeting the requirement.
Successfully obtaining a spouse visa to the UK requires careful preparation, attention to detail, and expert legal guidance. The financial, relationship, and English language requirements are just the tip of the iceberg in this intricate process. To ensure the best chances of approval, it is highly recommended to seek the assistance of an experienced immigration solicitor firm.
At MSD Solicitors, we specialise in spouse visa applications and can provide the support you need to navigate the complexities of the immigration process. Contact us today on 0161 503 0553 to begin your journey towards reuniting with your loved one in the United Kingdom.
Please note that the information provided in this blog post is based on the guidelines available as of the last update in 2021. Immigration rules and requirements are subject to change, so it's essential to consult with an immigration solicitor for the most up-to-date information and tailored advice.